The aim of this blog is to contribute to a better knowledge of the 1st Republic of Georgia (1918-1921), and to help to preserve the most important and glorious pages of the contemporary history of Georgia.
Indeed, the history of the 1st Republic of Georgia, the history of the events before the Declaration of independence on 26 May 1918 as well of those following its annexation by the Soviet Russia in March 1921, had been deliberately falsified by the official historiography of the Soviet Union for 70 years. And now that Georgia recovered its independence, this history – truncated by the previously prevailing ideology – still remains feeding partisan quarrels.
Works of eminent contemporary historians, such as Charles Urjewicz, Stephen Jones, Leopold Haimson, etc., helped gradually to restore entire chapters of this historical period, which established a Republican, Democratic and Social regime ahead of its time – but much remains to be done.
By the chronology and the historical documents/analysis published in this blog, we hope that the reader will find the information that may answer some of his questions:
- Why the contemporaries considered that the Republic of Georgia was the first Social Democratic Republic where theory met practice, even though – prior to the proclamation of the Independence of Georgia, Europe was unaware of the existence of Georgia?
- Why, in the automn 1920, Socialist International delegation, composed of personalities such as Karl Kautsky, Emile Vandervelde, Pierre Renaudel, Ramsay McDonald, Camille Huysmans (both future Prime Ministers) had accepted the invitation to visit the distant Georgia? Unless, “to observe the achievement of minimum program of socialism under particularly difficult circumstances”, program build on respect for fundamental freedoms, to-day called human rights.
- Why, in February 1921, when Soviet Russia, willing to restore the Russian empire to its former greatness, was invading Georgia in violation of the Russian-Georgian Treaty of May 1920 recognizing the independence, and when at the same moment the Turkish army was also crossing the Georgian border, the Government of Georgia – without any help coming from the Powers- refused to capitulate? Approved and mandated by the Parliament’s vote, the Government left the national territory to continue to make the voice of free Georgia heard.
- And why are now distorted and even denied this refusal to capitulate and the permanent struggle led for the recognition of the legitimate right of Georgia for its independence?
This blog owes a lot to the works of the above cited historians, to the 1st Republic documents and to his actors’ writings, as well as to the members of the Noe Jordania Institute.