Patriarch Ambroise’s letter to the Conference of Genoa- February 7th 1922

April  2nd 1922,  in a note, Evgeni Gegetchkori, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of  the first Républic of Georgia , forwarded to the International Conference of Genoa the appeal to civilized humanity of the Head  of the Georgian church, the Patriarch Ambroise, which appealed  as well to all the political parties of Georgia, relative to the aspirations of the Georgian people. This letter of a remarkable courage expressed the unanimous feeling of the country against the forces of occupation. The Patriarch was arrested and imprisoned in Metekhi in January 1923. In March 1924, the trial of the Patriarch and of the members of his council  took place in the workers’theatre of Nadzaladevi in Tbilissi. Later, he was discharged of punishment and  allowed to celebrate mass. In March 1927, he was removed from the direction of the Church. He died the day after.

In a publication of the Genoa Conference, we read regarding the Georgian intervention : “the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia, in a first note, requested that at the time of verification of credentials, the Conference refuse to allow the Moscow delegation to represent Georgia. In a memorandum on February 19th, it asked the Conference to invite the Moscow government to withdraw its troops from Georgia and in the event of this government being legally recognized as that of Russia, that Georgia be excluded from Russian territory. Finally in a note of April 2nd, it forwarded an appeal from Patriarch Ambroise to civilized humanity, as well as an appeal to all the political parties of Georgia, relative to the aspirations and state of the soul of the Georgian people” (Documents at the Genoa Conference with an introduction by Amedée Gianini, Rome 1922).”

” The Soviet delegation’s claim was not satisfied and Russia’s representation was only accepted at the Conference for Russia herself.”

(Source :Constantin Kandelaki “The Georgian Question before the Free World”. Paris 1953 )

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Source :  Constantin Kandelaki “The Georgian Question before the Free World”. Paris 1953

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